Early Civilization Michelle Casey American InterContinental University When one thinks of civiization they think of how society is today. People don’t think of how it was thousands of year ago when civilization was at its infantcy. We first have to understand what exactly defines what a civilization is. As defined by Sayre (2011), civilization is a way of life that has the capability to sustain a large group of people while maintainly adequate production to support that group. To further understand civilization it is best to also understand what the dynamics that were contributed to the cultural structure of society.
Also from the dynamics of culture there are collective issues that occurred. Finally, understand the influences that facilitated in the molding of civilization. Various essentials must come together inorder for a community to reach the level to be considered a sophisticated civilization. Geography was a key element for the formation of civilizations. The people needed to be in an area where there was plenty of access to water for irrigation, trasportation so they can go trade with other civilizations. The geography would also determine the people’s way of life would depend on farming, hunting or trade.
Efficient food production is the next factor that is considered when forming civilizaations. The people would make sure there was ample land for farming, and animals for hunting. Specialized activities such as architecture and art and trained people for combat is another element of civilization. Finally the last element is the organization of a centralized government. As the civilization began to expand and grow, social issues began to occur because of the culture structure of the civilization. Early civilizations differed from eachother with their beliefs and way of life in general.
Civilizations didn’t believe in just one God but instead believed in many Gods (Sayre, 2010). Social status was also an issue in civilizations, the more a person or family had whether is be material items or knowledge the higher their social status; in contrast the less the person or families has and the less education or knowledge they had the lower their staatus. The cultural influence that drove early civilzations was their religious beliefs. Some civilizations believed that their was only one God while other civilizations believed in many Gods. These beliefs drove them in their everyday lifestyle.
Their beliefs can be seen in their writings, art, architecture, and even in their political views (Sayre, et al). The advancements made in these areas drove other civilizations to be just as sophisiticated and advanced. Also, these advancements in which caused the civilizations to become more stable and stronger led to wars to conquor civilizations. Revisionist history is when a the history that we know today is reviewed and reinterpredited with the intention of updating informtion that was either not known at the time or was left out (Revisionist History, 2010).
I think that Revisionist history is a double edged sword. It allows for new unknown information to be added to our history, however, it could also reveal history that wasn’t meant to be known that could possibly completely change our culture, standards and beliefs. I believe that as of today we still do not know the entire history of the world or the people. Current technology and advance understanding history allows people to further their knowledge of new facts that have come from reviewing and adding to the history that we know today.
What we know today about history was not completely known twenty or thirty years ago. Because of the constant investigating of history has allowed for new knowledge to become available. References Revisionist History. (2010). In Culture Wars: An Encyclopedia of Issues, Viewpoints, and Voices. Retrieved from http://www. credoreference. com. proxy. cecybrary. com/entry/sharpecw/revisionist_history Sayre, H. M. (2010). Discovering the Humanities. Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall.
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