Out of Body Cultural Experience
The Chinese are a people of rich culture and tradition. Their cultural prominence is recognized the world over. They are one of the world’s oldest cultures. Some of the major components of the Chinese culture include areas of music, performing arts, communication and linguistics, literature, cuisine and martial arts. They are engaged in the worship of many deities and believe in the existence of the spiritual world. They venerate these spirits with various modes of divination. Some of the popular spiritual figures include Buddha, Jade Emperor and Guan Yin. Some rituals are done to chase away the evil spirits. They use a wide variety of tools from their culture to communicate such as nonverbal cues, language, performing arts and writing. They also incorporate this culture into their communication between one another and the spiritual beings.
Chinese culture and communication
Majority of the culture is based on the Confucius philosophy, which has been dominant through the Chinese history. Confucianism mainly influenced the domains of family and governance. Pluralism is a crucial characteristic of the Chinese religion since time immemorial. The religions do not require exclusivity, as they are family oriented. The major, popular religion is Buddhism since it was introduced during the 1st century. However, with the advent of Taoism, Taoism related rituals were made a prominent element of their society. The Chinese perform rituals and dances, which are targeted to reach the divinities and supernatural beings, communicate with them their will, and offer guidance.
Chinese art comprises of folk arts, which, include some superstitious beliefs and fine arts. The largest component of their art is inspired by nature such as paintings of landscapes. They use performance art, as a medium of expression (Davis, p.124). The dragon dance performed in New Year celebrations was a traditional ritual by farmers to chase away the drought demon. Kung Fu, which is the collective of Chinese Martial arts, is a fighting style that was developed in China. The Chinese also used music and poetry inspired by their philosophers and spiritual beliefs. These were elements of communicating between the Chinese, their gods and other people to relay a message especially when it was a sensitive issue. The Chinese language is also rich in proverbs and sayings, which are used by the elderly to teach the young people on various philosophies and life situations. The language used by the elderly is therefore considered full of wisdom. The use of Chinese language by the different Chinese people should be in respect to the different ages and social status.
The Chinese use non-verbal communication skills to communicate. They incorporate facial expressions, posture and tonal variations and voice to speak volumes. An impassive facial expression is used when someone is talking as frowning is considered rude. Staring at the other person’s eyes is also considered rude. The Chinese face towards the ground when they are greeting the person while addressing the person with their surname and honorary title. People shake hands when they are of the same status but bend in respect for people with different or higher status. They also use different gestures to communicate different things such as gratitude and wishing other people good fortune. The Chinese also openly correct each other when people use the wrong language, and this is embedded in the Chinese culture of correction when a person is wrong.
They consider the art of writing as the ultimate art. They adopted a unique writing method using symbols, which do not have a phonetic value, and painting them with brushes and ink. This practice led to the rise of Chinese calligraphy (Guillain, p. 86). Writing has had a significant influence on the Chinese culture and has been an essential part of the culture and tradition. Some of the earliest records in written form are kept on the oracle bones. These means of writing were also used as a tool of communication between people of many levels such as when the rulers issued decrees to the population. The Chinese have a zodiac calendar that has festivals and rituals revolving around it to mark major rituals (Barme, p. 85). The rituals present a time to communicate with the spirits and appease them when people are engaged in wrongdoing. The ritual leaders are in charge of these activities.
The ancient Chinese Culture has an insightful influence on the countries that neighbor China with Vietnam, Korea and Japan adopting sections of the culture. These countries have also adopted their communication and writing style. The Chinese have made use of their creativity, religion and language to communicate with people of diverse cultural backgrounds and remained unchanged. Their variety of practices from religion, literature, Kung fu, symbolic writing, painting and music are a reflection of the Chinese lifestyle. Through these cultural practices, they have also been able to learn their history and progress the future with an informed strategy. Currently, they have been successful to maintain and preserve their traditions and culture to attract a worldwide audience.
Barme, Geremie R. In the Red: On Contemporary Chinese Culture. S.l.: Columbia University Press, 2000. Print.
Davis, Edward L. Encyclopedia of Contemporary Chinese Culture. New York: Routledge, 2009. Print.
Guillain, Charlotte. Chinese Culture. Chicago, Illinois: Heinemann Library, 2008. Print.
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