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ournal 3 and Journal 4

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Mental disorders are on the rise especially among the poor who often have inadequate resources to curb the problem. Lack of prioritizing mental health, lack of understanding of mental health issues and the stigma subjected to the mentally ill is also a major contributor to the rise in these cases (Skolnik, 291). Globally, governments devote large sums of their budgets to other parts of the economy and only a portion of less than one percent is set aside for mental health. This is according to the research conducted in various countries by “mental health: new understanding, new hope” WHO recommends that governments come up with measures to deal with the risk factors such as abuse of women and children which is a major cause of mental disorders , bullying in schools, improvement of parenting skills to help in child development. Provision of counseling services by professionals to victims of violence, war or other conditions that require attention could be very beneficial. Many professional counseling services in developing countries are offered in psychiatric large facilities that make it difficult for everyone with mental disorders to access the facility. Training of healthcare workers on management of mental illness and making mental health a part of healthcare programs could also help. For countries whose budget does not cover mental health extensively, it would be wise to start investing in mental health, appoint an overseer and have a mental health policy. This could improve the management of mental health, it monitoring, development and provision and distribution of drugs. For improvements in developing countries, it will take a lot of effort in acquisition of additional funds to cover mental health expenses and it will require political intervention to be able to adjust the budget.

Mental illness has been known to affect people from all lifestyles and it does not discriminate against the poor or the rich. However, some factors cause variations on the dispersion of mental illnesses. They include organic defects, education and income of parents and violent conditions such as war. Babies born prematurely are more likely to contract mental illness than children delivered through normal birth are. Manifestation of mental illness depends on age. Infants are less likely to be affected by mental retardation as compared to older people. This is because physical and environmental factors contribute to a person’s mental development. Such factors may include drug and substance abuse, which is a major cause of mental illness especially among the youth.the government, can therefore ensure that there is safe environment in schools to avoid cases where students become mentally retarded due to pressure. It could also ensure that the mentally unstable are not denied employment opportunities for jobs they can comfortably tackle or denied the opportunity to carry out their daily activities (Frank, Richard, and Glied). This will work to reduce stigma subjected to the mentally challenged and improve on their condition. Rehabilitation programs for those with substance abuse disorders could assist in this problem especially for the poor who cannot afford these facilities. Financing of groups that are interested in acquiring information about the mentally challenged could be beneficial since they could assist the government in coming up with appropriate policies. Policies to curb poverty should be implemented to ensure that citizens have adequate funds to access medical care and to maintain healthy lifestyles. These policies could be educational programs or even assistance in starting of businesses to create job opportunities for the unemployed.

Works cited

Skolnik, Richard L, and Richard L. Skolnik. Global Health 101. Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning, 2012. Print.

Frank, Richard G, and Sherry Glied. Better but Not Well: Mental Health Policy in the United States Since 1950. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006. Print.

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